Radon is a highly inert radioactive element which belongs to the group of noble gases. It is a colorless, odorless as well as tasteless gas. The main source of radon production is the disintegration of another radioactive element Uranium and Thorium. It is naturally present in a small amount in the atmosphere as well as the soils due to the constant decay of radioactive matter. Although it has a very short half-life of 3.8 days yet its concentration remains constant as it is the product of decay of those elements which have a longer half-life. Hence the presence of Radon in home is natural.
Radon is a very dangerous element and long-term exposure is the root cause of lung cancer in non-smokers as proved by various case studies. The fixation of radon that is naturally present in the atmosphere is harmless. It becomes a health hazard when it is enclosed and trapped inside a closed space for an indefinite amount of time.
Radon lead to an exposure gas:
As it starts to get entrapped its amount rises and it leads to severe radon exposure. The main reason of radon in home is poor or no ventilation and the architecture of homes that does not support air crossing. Another significant point in this regard is that excessive radon presence in the atmosphere is also the main cause of radon poisoning in water. As the concentration of radon in air increases the radon disintegrates further and starts dissolving in the water reservoirs. When this poisoned water is utilized for drinking purposes it proves to be even more perilous and poses as a cause of cancerous growth in various internal organs.
Why radon test is important?
Since radon is a very difficult gas to detect, a series of tests have to be performed to confirm the presence and the exact concentration of radon in your homes. These tests are performed twice. Once prior to the process of radon mitigation for the diagnosis of the severity of the problem and once after the mitigation has been performed to analyze the success rate of the removal process. The radon tests performed to confirm radon are designed based on whether the poisoning has occurred in the air or in the water. There are different methods for both these instances.
The two main categories of radon testing are the short term tests and the long term tests. The short term tests as the name indicates provide the results quicker and take only 12-24 hours. The long term tests however require a longer time period and may give results in 3 months to sometimes even a year. The experts prefer long term tests over the short term tests for two main reasons. Firstly, the long term tests are more accurate and secondly they do not require the property or space to be vacated while the test is being performed.
Radon exposure is a serious concern and has irreversible dangerous consequences. Therefore this is not something that can be taken leniently or not given much attention. It is advised to perform radon testing to keep a check on radon in home for the safety of yourself as well as your family members. inflatable hot tub